Striped Skunk (Mephitis mephitis)
The Striped Skunk is native to most of North America, stretching from Canada to the northern parts of Mexico. A white stripe contrasts its striking black coloration. This stripe originates as a triangle on its head, then branches into two down its back, and can merge again at the tail's base. The tail is bushy, often featuring a mix of black and white hairs. This species is versatile in terms of habitat, being comfortable in open lands, forests, and even urban settings.
Eastern Spotted Skunk (Spilogale putorius)
Primarily found in the Eastern United States, the Eastern Spotted Skunk's range extends from Pennsylvania to Florida and westward to northern Mexico. As its name suggests, it features distinct white spots on its head and shoulders and has wavy white stripes along its back and sides. This skunk prefers to inhabit wooded and rocky environments.
Western Spotted Skunk (Spilogale gracilis)
Inhabiting the western parts of the United States, the range of the Western Spotted Skunk stretches from the central US to the west coast and then descends into Central America. Its appearance is similar to its eastern counterpart, albeit larger in size. The Western Spotted Skunk is adaptable, living in environments ranging from open prairies and forests to coastal regions.
Hooded Skunk (Mephitis macroura)
The Hooded Skunk calls the southwestern United States, Mexico, and Central America home. It boasts a unique "hood" of white fur on its head and neck. Moreover, its thick, luxuriant tail can be wholly white, black, or a combination of both. Depending on its location, the Hooded Skunk can be found in desert areas, tropical forests, or grasslands.
Hog-nosed Skunk (Conepatus leuconotus)
From the southwestern United States to Central America, the Hog-nosed Skunk is easily recognizable by its completely white back and tail and distinctive, pig-like nose. The skunk's preferred habitats include deserts, canyons, and scrub-filled regions. Like other skunks, this species contributes to the ecosystem by controlling pests such as insects and small rodents.